Despite the fact that you may be a good hiker and have the physical fitness to climb mountains, you can still be at risk of being hurt in a fall. This is because there are several hazards to hiking and trekking, including snakes, altitude sickness, and predators.
Whether you are a seasoned trekker or just taking your first steps, you need to know what you’re doing. The best way to minimize your risk is to learn about the area you’re about to explore.
A few things to consider include weather conditions, altitude, terrain, and the type of animals you’re about to encounter. Having an emergency plan is important, too. If you get lost in the woods, you might not be able to contact help. It’s also wise to keep your emergency numbers in a safe place.
The biggest risk you face while trekking is falling down on uneven ground. If you aren’t careful, you could fall and suffer a serious injury. To avoid this, take care to wear proper footwear.
You’ll want to carry a first aid kit, too. Make sure it contains items for bites. You don’t want to get infected with Lyme disease, for instance. You should also keep insect repellent handy.
Insects are a common hiking hazard. You should always wear long-sleeved clothing to prevent getting bitten. While this may seem like a silly precaution, you’ll find that wearing long-sleeved clothing is particularly important in areas that have a lot of insects.
Another thing to keep in mind is how to react to a mountain lion. If you are able to identify the animal, you’ll be able to save yourself from a potentially dangerous situation.
Other creatures you’ll encounter on your next trek are snakes, spiders, and bees. While some are harmless, others can be venomous. The good news is that you can usually see a snake before it bites you. However, if you are caught in the crosshairs of a snake, you will need to use your wits to shoo it off.
Whether you are planning to go trekking or climb a mountain, you should be aware of the dangers associated with altitude sickness. Even if you are physically fit and strong, you may be susceptible to the condition. Symptoms include dizziness, headache, nausea and fatigue. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) can be life threatening. Luckily, there are treatments that can prevent the disease.
Most cases of AMS are mild, and will resolve on their own after a few days. However, if the symptoms get worse, you should consult your doctor immediately. There are also medications available that can ease your body’s adjustment to high altitudes.
Acute mountain sickness symptoms can begin within an hour or two of ascending to a higher altitude. Some people develop severe symptoms, such as a rapid pulse, shortness of breath, and swelling in the lungs. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should stop climbing and seek medical assistance.
While the risk of altitude sickness is higher for men, the condition can affect women and children. It is not uncommon for young healthy people to suffer from AMS. There are a number of ways to treat altitude sickness, including hydration, acetazolamide, and paracetamol.
You can also breathe oxygen from a tank to reduce the effects of altitude sickness, but it should be used as a temporary solution. Getting plenty of rest, avoiding alcohol and caffeine, and not overexerting yourself are other ways to avoid AMS.
Acute mountain sickness is generally fatal if not treated quickly. If you suspect you may be suffering from the disease, it is best to stay at a lower altitude for the first few days of your trip.
Whether you’re planning a trip to the mountains or just hanging out at the park, you need to be aware of ticks and how to prevent them from hopping onto your body. A few simple tips and tricks can go a long way towards ensuring you stay tick free.
The first line of defense against ticks is proper clothing. You’ll want to wear light colored clothes so that you can easily spot any ticks that do manage to latch on to you.
The most effective way to keep ticks away is to use a combination of bug spray and Permethrin. The Permethrin should be applied flat on the skin. It should be allowed to dry before you put on your clothing.
Another tip is to wear light weight long pants. This will stop ticks from crawling up your legs.
It is also recommended that you wear a hat. This will not only help keep you warm, but it will also provide a nice barrier against any creepy crawlies that may be out and about.
Ticks are small and can be difficult to see. They can also carry diseases and parasites. They are also known to climb the blades of grass.
If you do happen to spot a tick, you should be able to remove it with ease. A fine tipped tweezer is a great way to do this.
You can also protect your legs and ankles with gaiters. These will help to keep ticks out of your socks and prevent them from crawling up your legs.
Ticks are one of the top disease vectors and they can infect pets, too. They can be present at any time of year, but the peak tick season is typically in the northern hemisphere. If you live in a tick infested area, you’ll want to perform daily tick checks.
During the spring and summer, you can encounter snakes when you are on your hike. There are several precautions you can take to make your trek safer.
You should wear long pants and shoes that cover your ankles. These types of clothing will prevent snakes from invading your body and can help prevent you from being bitten.
When you’re hiking, you should always keep your eyes open for snakes. If you feel a rattle rattlesnake in your area, it’s best to move away slowly, at least 4 to 15 feet. This will give the snake time to elude you.
You can also use sticks to scare the snakes away. You should make noise with your stick to get the attention of the snake. However, don’t chase or push the snake. They are shy animals.
When you’re outside, you should also avoid climbing logs and stepping over brush piles. You should also avoid large rocks. It’s a good idea to use a headlamp when you’re hiking at night.
You can also scare the snakes by walking in the grass and rustling it with your sticks. This is especially effective when you are on a bare, sunny trail.
If you’re hiking in snake country, you should wear a sturdy pair of boots. You should also keep your hands and arms out of the crevices. The tall grass and underbrush are great hiding places for snakes.
If you are hiking in a wooded area, you should avoid moving large rocks. You should also try to stay on the trail. You should also pay close attention when you’re climbing the rocks. This will make you less likely to trip or fall.
Getting caught in a thunderstorm
Getting caught in a thunderstorm while trekking is a very dangerous event. While it is not possible to avoid all the risk associated with a storm, there are steps you can take to minimize your chances of being harmed.
The first step in preparing to hike in a thunderstorm is to check the weather forecast. If the forecast calls for storms, plan your hike for early in the morning or late in the afternoon. This will give you more time to prepare for the weather and you will be less likely to run into a storm.
Second, plan a route that will lead you away from areas that are likely to be hit by lightning. This means avoiding open fields, rocky outcrops, and isolated trees. You will also want to avoid water. You should leave any metal objects on the ground, such as cell phones, so that they won’t attract lightning.
Third, stay alert for signs of a developing thunderstorm. If you hear thunder, move to a low area, such as a ravine. If you’re in a forest, you should retreat under a group of smaller trees.
If you don’t have shelter, crouch with your feet close together. Don’t stand up or run downhill, as this can cause an increased target for lightning. You should also remove any metal objects from your body.
Finally, make sure you are safe before leaving. The National Weather Service provides detailed forecasts for hiking destinations. If you see a thunderstorm forming, take a few minutes to inspect the conditions around you. If you are in a river bed, leave the water and look for a dry ravine.
It is also important to know the distance between the flash and the thunder. This will help you calculate the time it will take for a lightning strike to reach you.